Xalatan Preservative Free (Latanoprost) Medication


Xalatan Preservative Free (Latanoprost)

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Drug Description


Xalatan Preservative Free is an ophthalmic solution used to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. It is a preservative-free formulation of the medication Latanoprost. 

The preservative-free formulation of Xalatan is beneficial for individuals who may be sensitive or have adverse reactions to preservatives commonly found in ophthalmic solutions, such as benzalkonium chloride (BAK). 

Latanoprost belongs to a class of medications called prostaglandin analogs. It works by increasing the outflow of fluid from the eye, thereby reducing the pressure inside the eye. Lowering IOP is important in managing conditions such as glaucoma, as high pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss. 

Use and Dosage 

Xalatan Preservative Free is typically administered as eye drops. The recommended dosage is usually one drop in the affected eye(s) once daily, preferably in the evening. 

To properly apply Xalatan drops and ensure their effectiveness, follow these steps: 

  1. Wash your hands before applying the eye drops to maintain cleanliness and prevent contamination. 
  2. Tilt your head back and look upward. Gently pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. 
  3. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place one drop into the pocket you created with your lower eyelid. 
  4. Look downward, close your eyes gently, and place one finger at the inner corner of your eye, near your nose. Apply light pressure for 1 to 2 minutes. This helps prevent the medication from draining out of your eye. 
  5. Avoid blinking or rubbing your eye during this time. 
  6. Repeat these steps if your doctor has prescribed more than one drop per dose. 

If you need to use Xalatan in both eyes, repeat the process for your other eye. Do not rinse the dropper. After each use, replace the dropper cap to maintain sterility. 

If you wear contact lenses, remove them before using Xalatan. Wait for at least 15 minutes before putting your contact lenses back in. If you are also using other eye medications, such as drops or ointments, wait at least 5 minutes before applying them. Use the eye drops before the ointments to allow the drops to enter the eye effectively. 

Side Effects 

Common Side Effects 

  • Crusting or drainage from the eye 
  • Darkening of the iris (brown part of the eye) 
  • Discoloration of the eyelid skin 
  • Eye pain or stinging 
  • Increased tear production 
  • Irritation or redness of the eye 
  • Sensitivity to light 

Serious Side Effects 

  • Eye discharge or tearing  
  • Eye redness, swelling, or pain  
  • Sensitivity to light  
  • Signs of an allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat 
  • Sudden vision changes or vision loss  


  • Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be allergic to Latanoprost or other components of Xalatan Preservative Free. If you have a known allergy to Latanoprost or any other prostaglandin analogs, inform your healthcare professional. 
  • Eye Conditions: Xalatan Preservative Free should be used with caution in individuals with certain eye conditions, such as iritis/uveitis or macular edema. Discuss any pre-existing eye conditions with your healthcare professional before using Xalatan Preservative Free. 
  • Contact Lenses: If you wear contact lenses, remove them before applying Xalatan Preservative Free. You may reinsert your contact lenses 15 minutes after administering the medication. 
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: The safety of Xalatan Preservative Free during pregnancy or breastfeeding has not been established. If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, consult with your healthcare professional before using the medication. 
  • Other Medications: Xalatan Preservative Free may interact with other medications you are taking. Inform your healthcare professional about all the medications, including prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal supplements, that you are currently taking. 
  • Eye Surgery: If you are scheduled for any eye surgery, including cataract removal, inform your ophthalmologist that you are using Xalatan Preservative Free. They may advise you to discontinue the medication temporarily. 
  • Eye Irritation: Xalatan Preservative Free may cause temporary eye irritation, redness, itching, or stinging upon application. If these symptoms persist or worsen, contact your healthcare professional. 
  • Driving and Operating Machinery: Xalatan Preservative Free may cause blurred vision or other visual disturbances. If you experience any of these side effects, avoid driving or operating machinery until your vision has returned to normal.  

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Quality Prescription Drugs has provided information from third parties intended to increase awareness and does not contain all the information about Xalatan Preservative Free (Latanoprost). Talk to your doctor or a qualified medical practitioner for medical attention, advice, or if you have any concerns about Xalatan Preservative Free (Latanoprost).